According to Clause 4 of Article 2 of the Law on criminal record, criminal record card is the document issued by the competent state agencies for organizations and individuals, proving that individuals have or do not have criminal record. The problem is that, for how long since the date that state agencies issue the criminal record card, it will be expired?
The law on criminal record of 2009 and the current law documents do not have regulations on the duration of use of the criminal record card. However, depending on the areas and purpose of using that the expiry dates of the criminal record card will be regulated differently.
For example, Articles 20, 24 and 28 of the Nationality Act of 2008, amending and supplementing in 2014 specified that in the dossier of application, stop and return to Vietnam nationality, there must have the criminal record card that is issued not more than 90 days before the date of submission.
Besides, a number of diplomatic representative missions of foreign countries in Vietnam also provides for the shelf life of the criminal record card when resolving visa application requirements, such as the United States Consulate provides that applicants for entry visas from 16 years or older need to submit the criminal record that was issued within a year.
Thus, the shelf life of the criminal record card in Vietnam currently is not clearly specified. It depends on the provisions in the documents of each different fields and the will of agencies and organizations wishing to learn about previous criminal conviction status of the litigants.