What Are Procedures for Postponement at the First Instance Court?

In case that civil lawsuit cannot be mediated or cannot conduct the mediation, the Judge shall hold the meetings for checking the handover, access, disclosure of evidences and mediation. In cases there are many parties in a case and some of them are absent but present parties agree to conduct the meetings and the conduct of the meeting does not affect rights and obligations of absent parties, the Judges shall conduct meeting between present parties. If parties request to postpone the mediation meeting until all parties attend, the Judge shall postpone the meeting. The Judges must notify postponement and re-open of meeting to the parties. The litigation lawyers could be the best advisors to the client to utilize the procedures for the best interests of their client depending on the situation.

Litigation lawyers in VietnamIn the first-instance court hearings, when being summoned duly the the Court for the first time, the parties or their representatives and defense counsels shall be present at the Court hearings. If any of them is absent, the Trial Panel shall postpone the Court hearings, unless such person requests for trial in his/her absence. The Courts must notify the postponement of the Court hearings to the parties, their representatives and defense counsels. When being summoned duly for the second time, parties or their representatives and defense counsels shall be present at the Court hearings unless they request for trials in their absence. If the absence is caused by a force majeure event or an objective obstacle, the Court may postpone the Court hearings, otherwise the Court shall handle as follows: (i) The absence of plaintiff without his/her representative shall be considered giving up the lawsuit initiation, thus the Court shall issue a decision to terminate the case resolution for his/her request for lawsuit initiation, unless such plaintiff requests for trials in their absence. The plaintiff may re-initiate lawsuits according to law provisions; (ii) If neither the defendant without counter-claims or a person with relevant interests and duties (relevant person) without independent claims nor his/her representative participates in the Court hearings, the Court shall conduct trial in their absence; (iii) If neither the defendant with counter-claims nor his/her representative participates in the Court hearings, such defendant shall be considered giving up the counter claims, thus the Court shall issue a decision to terminate the resolution for his/her counter claims, unless such defendant requests for trial in his/her absence. The defendant may re-initiate lawsuits for his/her counter-claims according to law provisions; (iv) If neither relevant person with independent claims nor his/her representative participates in the Court hearings, such person shall be considered giving up the independent claims, thus the Court shall issue a decision to terminate the resolution for his/her independent claims, unless such person requests for trial in his/her absence. Such person may re-initiate lawsuits for his/her independent claims according to law provisions; (v) If the defense counsels of the parties is absent, the Court shall conduct trial in their absence.

When the witnesses are absent, the Trial Panels shall decide to conduct trial or to postpone the court. The Trial Panels shall still conduct trial if the witnesses are absent but have earlier given their testimonies in person or sent their testimonies to courts. The presiding Judges shall make such testimonies public. The Trial Panels shall decide to postpone the Court hearings if the absence of the witnesses at Court creates difficulties or affects the objective and comprehensive resolution of the cases.

If the expert-witnesses are absent, the Trial Panels shall decide to conduct trial or to postpone the court. If the interpreters are absent without substitutes, the Trial Panels shall decide to postpone the Court hearings. If expert-witnesses or interpreters must be replaced, the Judges, the Trial panels or the Civil matter-resolving council shall issue decisions to postpone the Court hearings.

When any procedure participants are absent from Court hearings and it does not fall into the cases which the Courts must postpone the Court hearings, the presiding Judges must ask if there is any one requesting to postpone the Court hearings. If there is, the Trial Panels shall consider and decide to accept or not accept such request. In case of non-acceptance, the reasons must be clearly stated.

In addition to absence and change of procedure participants, the change of procedure-conducting person may make the Court hearings be postponed. Firstly, in case of change of the Judge, People’s Jurors, Ombudspersons, Court clerks, procurators, the Trial Panels shall issue decisions to postpone the Court hearings.

Decision on postponing the Court hearings in above circumstances is made by Trial Panels and the time limit for postponing shall not exceed 01 month or not exceed 15 days, applicable to Court carried out under simplified procedure, from the day on which the decision to postpone the Court session is issued.

Having said that, the client could rely on the litigation lawyers for the solution in each case to protect the best interests if postponement procedures of the first instance trial could be applied.

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Summary
What Are Procedures for Postponement at the First Instance Court?
Article Name
What Are Procedures for Postponement at the First Instance Court?
Description
In case that civil lawsuit cannot be mediated or cannot conduct the mediation, the Judge shall hold the meetings for checking the handover, access, disclosure of evidences and mediation.

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