Due to intricate occurrence of Covid 19, many enterprises are forced themselves to reduce the number of employees for maintaining the operation financially. Specifically, the employer has to make difficult decision to terminate the labor contract with the employee. The termination of the labour contract has to be considered carefully because of potential legal risks brought up which dispute lawyers in labour should be consulted before execution. Within this post, we are not trying to resolve all cases but only aiming to brief some matters of concern for preparation.
The employer could refer to the regulation in the Labor Code which allows “an employer may unilaterally terminate a labor contract if as a result of natural disaster, fire or another force majeure event as prescribed by law, the employer, though having applied every remedial measure, has to scale down production and cut jobs. Force majeure in this case is understood as (i) Enemy-inflicates destruction, epidemics (ii) Relocation or narrowing of the production and business sites, at the request of competent State agencies.
In particular, after applying corrective measures, over the time, considering enterprise’s financial potential is insufficient as well as the business production is reduced significantly due to epidemic, the employer may consider unilaterally terminate labor contract with employee. However, employer still have to abide by or ensure the rights to employee regarding the interests which employee is entitle to receive when being unilaterally terminated labor contract includes salary, severance allowance, social insurance, payment for untaken leave days, the tax payment which employer must paid for employee. Besides, employer also is subject to pay a compensation if consented by both sides are employer and employee.
Firstly, employer is obliged to pay salary to employee timely and fully as in the agreed labor contract by both parties;
Secondly, employer is responsible for paying the severance allowance to employee whom has worked regularly for full 12 months or longer at the rate of half of a month’s wage for each working year.
Thirdly, social insurance, employer is responsible for the fulfill payment of social insurance and perform the closing insurance book for employee after terminate the labor contract according to the law of social insurance.
Fourthly, if the income of employee subject to personal income tax, employer must extract from the income of employee to submit the tax to tax agency according to law on personal income tax.
If the client needs any other information or requires for further advice, our lawyers at ANT Lawyers in Vietnam will be available for service.