On December 4, 2020, the State Bank of Vietnam issued Circular No. 16/2020/TT-NHNN amending and supplementing a number of articles of Circular No. 23/2014/TT-NHNN dated August 19, 2014 of The Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam guides the opening and use of a payment account at a payment service supplier. Accordingly, the State Bank has supplemented instructions to open individual payment accounts by electronic method.
Banks and/or foreign bank branches that open payment accounts by electronic method must develop, promulgate and publicize the process and procedures for opening payment accounts by electronic method in accordance with regulations of the law, include at least the following steps: collect information about the application for opening a payment account as prescribed; check, compare and verify customer identification information; warn customers about actions not performed in the process of opening and using payment accounts opened electronically; provide the customer with the content of an agreement to open and use a payment account as prescribed and enter into an agreement to open and use a payment account with the customer; notify customers of the number, the name of the current account, the transaction limit through the current account and the date of commencement of operation of the checking account to the customer.
Banks and/or foreign bank branches shall evaluate on technological conditions to assess risks, determine the scope of use and decide to apply transaction limits via customers’ checking payment account by electronic method but must ensure that the total transaction value limit (debit) through that customer’s payment accounts does not exceed VND 100 million/month/customer.
Banks and/or foreign bank branches may decide to apply a transaction limit via an electronic payment account that is higher than the above limit in one of the following cases: banks, foreign bank branches apply video call to collect, check and verify customer identification information in the process of opening payment accounts to ensure efficiency such as identification and verification of customer information through face-to-face methods; banks and/or foreign bank branches apply the technology to check and compare customers’ biometric characteristics with citizen biometric data through the citizen identification database; after the bank, foreign bank branch has implemented the identification and verification of customer information through face-to-face meeting with the account holder; money transfer transactions for electronic savings and term deposits for the account holders at such banks, foreign bank branches; in cases where banks, foreign bank branches are allowed to actively debit the customers’ payment accounts as prescribed.
Opening payment accounts by electronic method specified in this Article does not apply to joint payment accounts, individual customer who is foreigner; a person who is aged between exactly 15 and nearly 18 years and does not have his/her incapacity or restricted capacity for civil acts; a person who is under the age of 15, has restricted capacity for civil acts or is incapable of civil acts as defined by the Law of Vietnam is entitled to open a current account via his/her legal representative; a person who has limited cognition and behavioral control as defined by the Law of Vietnam may open a current account via his/her guardian.
This Circular takes effect on March 5, 2021.